In Quebec, abortion is legal, free and available at any time. A woman doesn’t lose her right to an abortion after a certain number of weeks. No matter how far along the pregnancy is, a woman always has the choice to do what she believes is best for her.
However, who provides the abortion might vary depending on the number of weeks of pregnancy.
Up to and Including 13 Weeks of Pregnancy (First Trimester)
In Quebec, most abortions are performed during the first trimester of pregnancy.
During the first trimester, almost all health-care institutions in Quebec can perform abortions: hospitals, CLSCs, private clinics and community clinics.
14 to 22 Weeks of Pregnancy
Most health-care institutions in Quebec can also perform abortions during this period.
However, as the pregnancy advances, fewer institutions are equipped to perform the abortion. Women are therefore referred to health-care institutions in Montreal, the Eastern Townships region and Quebec City.
23 Weeks of Pregnancy and Later
Only a few hospitals in Quebec can carry out these abortions, such as Hôpital Sainte-Justine. Other health-care institutions are not equipped to deal with abortions at this stage of a pregnancy.
Under the Quebec health-care system, a woman can travel to the United States to have an abortion at this stage of pregnancy. The Régie de l’assurance maladie du Québec (public health insurance agency) covers travel expenses and the cost of the procedure.
The Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Centre-Est-de-l’Île-de-Montréal (Montreal health and social services board) helps women who need an abortion in the third trimester.