Gatherings are forbidden in red zones. However, it is still possible to protest, despite the pandemic. The right to protest is protected by the Charters. Rules must be followed though.
Protesting: A Fundamental Right
The right to protest is protected by both the Quebec and the Canadian Charters. The Charters protect two fundamental rights: freedom of expression and freedom of peaceful assembly. In 2019, the Quebec Court of Appeal stated that these two freedoms create a right to protest.
You can protest in the street, on the sidewalk, in a park, or in a public space because these are places for people to gather and express themselves publicly. In fact, the Court of Appeal struck down a municipal by-law that required either organizers or participants of a protest to tell police the route or the time and place of a protest. The Court said this rule violated protected freedoms.
Rules to Follow
Protesters must wear a mask or a cloth that covers both the nose and the mouth. It must also be well adjusted. The protest organizer must take steps to remind protesters that wearing a face-covering is mandatory.
In addition, protesters must stay 2 meters apart from each other. It is illegal to protest between 8pm and 6am due to the curfew.
Police can fine anyone who does not follow these rules. The fines can range from $1000 to $6000.
More for legal information about COVID-19, please see our special guide.