Red Zones: What Are the Rules?

Legal News

Certain parts of Quebec have been declared to be red zones. Here’s a summary of restrictions that apply in these zones.

To find out if your region is in a red zone, consult the Quebec government’s Map of COVID-19 alert levels by region.

All the municipalities of the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal (Montreal metropolitan community) are now in a red zone. If you’re not sure if your municipality is among these, you can check the list. (French only)

All gatherings are now prohibited

All gatherings are now prohibited, whether in private homes or elsewhere.

In private homes

Only the people living in that home are allowed to be inside it, or outside on the land belonging to the home. This rule applies even if you are camping or renting a chalet, for example.

However, there are two exceptions:

  • A person who lives alone can have someone visit them (inside or outside their home). They can only receive one visitor at a time.           
  • A person who does not live with you can be in your home to receive or offer services or support related to:  
    • your health or security
    • personal or esthetic care
    • commercial or professional services
    • care for children or for a vulnerable person
    • domestic tasks or other activities related to daily life or to education
    • maintenance, repairs or renovation services
    • a visit to sell or rent a residence
    • any other service or support of a similar nature

Outside the home

You cannot organize or participate in a gathering in an outdoor public space.

However, there is an exception for demonstrations.

Indoor gatherings, whether in public or private spaces, are also prohibited, with the exception of religious and funeral services, which can have a maximum of 25 people present. For funeral services, the organizer must keep a register of people present. It must contain the names, phone numbers and emails (if they have them) of all the people present. This information must be destroyed after 30 days.

If you attend a funeral, you must provide this information to the organizer. This information may be sent to public health authorities if an outbreak of COVID-19 is linked to the funeral.

No visits to seniors’ residences

Visits are prohibited to:

  • long term care centres (CHSLD)
  • intermediate resources (for example, supervised apartments or publicly regulated retirement homes providing assisted living)
  • family-type housing for seniors
  • private seniors’ residences

However, there are two exceptions:

  • visits for humanitarian reasons or required by a person’s state of health  
  • visits by a caregiver who provides a significant level of assistance to a senior

Organized sports and recreational activities are prohibited

All organized sports and recreational activities are now prohibited This includes group classes and sports practices. Fitness centres are now closed

However, individual activities are still permitted, for example, walking, cycling, jogging and swimming. Activities with persons with whom you live are also permitted, for example shooting hoops or playing soccer with them.

You can also do activities with another person, for example jogging or playing tennis. However, if you do such activities with someone who does not live with you, you must maintain social distancing of six metres.

Indoor sports facilities, such as swimming pools and university sports centres, can remain open for individual exercise. You have to maintain social distancing while inside, which means their capacity may be limited. You cannot use the changing rooms.

Many commercial activities are prohibited 

The following business must close:

  • restaurants, food courts in shopping malls, and other food services, except for delivery, take out services and drive-through services
  • bars and clubs
  • microbreweries and distilleries must close their on-site services for drinks or food
  • casinos
  • museums, biodomes, planetariums, insectariums, botanical gardens, aquariums and zoos  
  • arcades, amusement parks and aquatic parks
  • saunas and spas, except for any personal services provided there
  • libraries, except for those in educational establishments and for loan counters
  • movie theaters and auditoriums where live shows are presented
  • youth hostels
  • fitness centres

Your zone follows you!  

If you live in a red zone, the rules of this zone apply to you, even if you leave the zone.

So, you can’t go outside your zone to participate in gatherings, or to go to any type of establishment that is closed in your zone.

Exception: If you live in a red zone, but must leave the zone to work or study, the red zone rules do not follow you. For example, if you live in a red zone, but work in a restaurant in another zone, you can continue to go and work there.  

More for legal information about COVID-19, please see our special guide.