The Small Claims Division of the Court of Quebec (often called “small claims court”) handles claims of $15,000 or less, not including interest. The rules of procedure are much simpler than in other courts, and the parties generally can’t be represented by lawyers.
Here are some articles to help you with your small claims case, whether you’re suing someone or being sued.
Before going to court
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One last chance?
Before going to court, it’s generally a good idea to give the other person a chance to correct the situation. It can be helpful to send them a demand letter (“mise en demeure” in French). In some cases, a demand letter is required before you can take someone to court.
Receiving a demand letter
If you don’t know what to do after receiving a demand letter, this article should be of assistance.
Other ways to settle a dispute
Is going to court the best way to settle your dispute? Sometimes there are ways to achieve better results, and they may be quicker and less expensive than going to court. Whether it’s negotiation, mediation, or filing a complaint with the Office de la protection du consommateur [consumer protection office], you might have other options for solving the problem.
Final details to check before filing a claim
You’ve given the other party a chance to correct the situation, and you’ve tried other ways to settle the dispute, but nothing has worked. You’re now ready to file your claim. These articles explain a few final details you should check.
During court proceedings
Being sued in small claims court
This article explains what you need to know if someone takes a legal action against you in small claims court.
Once a file has been opened in small claims court, you have access to a free mediation service.
Preparing your case
It’s important to be well prepared! Whether you’re suing someone or being sued, these articles will help you prepare to present your case in court.
Basic legal concepts
Here are some articles about basic legal concepts that might apply to your situation and help you to prepare your case.
After the hearing
The small claims judgment
After the hearing is over, the judge will make a decision. The judgment is usually not made right after the hearing. You’ll likely receive it by mail a few weeks later. These articles explain what you need to know, whether you’ve won or lost.